Trends at a Glance

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The Trends-at-a-Glance offers an overview of trend direction measure by measure. Trends noted as stable or non-significant change (NSC) are not changing significantly. The difference between "stable" and "non-significant change" is based on statistical computations described in the Methodology for Characterizing Trends appendix.

The table below provides a snapshot of recent national trends (as characterized by the Average Annual Percent Change (AAPC)) for measures included in this report. Green indicates that the recent trend is moving in the desired direction. Red indicates that the recent trend is not moving in the desired direction. Purple indicates that the recent trend is moving but it is indeterminate whether the direction is desired or not. There is no background color for trends that are stable or show a non-significant change in direction. The column labeled “Recent trend time period” shows the dates associated with each trend. These dates depend upon the recency of available data.

Click on any measure title in the "Measure" column to read more about the measure. For a more complete summary of the measures, including their progress compared with the Healthy People 2020 target (where one exists), see the Summary Tables by topic.

Legend:
green green - headed in the right direction
red red - headed in the wrong direction
purple purple - indeterminate
Cancer Trends Progress Report - Trends at a Glance
Measure Desired Direction Recent Trend Recent Trend Time Period
1  The desired direction of the recent trend is difficult to interpret due to outside factors which may be driving its direction (e.g., early detection driving breast cancer incidence rates upward temporarily, screening rates for older tests such as home FOBT going down as they are replaced by newer technologies such as colonoscopy).
Prevention
Tobacco Use Initiation (Ages 12-17)
All tobacco products Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2012-2016
Cigarettes Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2012-2016
Smokeless Tobacco Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2012-2016
Cigars Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2012-2016
Youth Tobacco Use
Cigarettes, Cigars and Smokeless Tobacco Falling Non-Significant Change 2013-2017
Cigarettes Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Smokeless tobacco Falling Non-Significant Change 2013-2017
Cigars Falling Non-Significant Change 2013-2017
E-cigarettes Falling RisingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2014-2018
Adult Tobacco Use
Cigarettes Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Smokeless Tobacco Falling Non-Significant Change 2015-2017
Cigars Falling Stable 2015-2017
E-Cigarettes Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2014-2017
Quitting Smoking
Attempted to quit smoking Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Successfully quit smoking Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Clinicians' Advice to Quit Smoking
Physicians' advice to quit smoking Rising Non-Significant Change 2010-2015
Dentists' advice to quit smoking Rising FallingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2006-2011
Fruit and Vegetable Consumption
Fruit and Vegetables Combined Rising Non-Significant Change 2011-2016
Fruit Rising Stable 2011-2016
Vegetables Rising Stable 2011-2016
Red Meat and Processed Meat Consumption Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2016
Fat Consumption
(Saturated fat)
Falling Stable 2011-2016
Alcohol Consumption Falling RisingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2012-2016
Physical Activity
No physical activity in leisure time Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Meet physical activity guidelines Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Weight
Healthy Weight Rising FallingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2011-2016
Overweight Falling Non-Significant Change 2011-2016
Obese Falling RisingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2011-2016
Sun-Protective Behavior
Use sun protective measures Rising Stable 2010-2015
Use sunscreen (SPF 15+) Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2010-2015
Wear protective clothing Rising FallingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2010-2015
Seek shade Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2010-2015
Indoor Tanning
Adolescents Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Adults Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2010-2015
Sunburn
Adolescents Falling Non-Significant Change 2015-2017
Adults Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2010-2015
Secondhand Smoke Exposure Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2009-2014
Smoke-free Home Rules Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2010-2015
Smoke-free Workplace Rules and Laws
Smoke-free workplace Rising Non-Significant Change 2010-2015
Indoor air laws for workplaces Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Indoor air laws for restaurants Rising Non-Significant Change 2013-2017
Indoor air laws for bars Rising Non-Significant Change 2013-2017
HPV Immunization
(Up-to-date on HPV vaccination)
Females, Ages 13-15 Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Males, Ages 13-15 Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Genetic Testing
(Received Genetic Counseling)
Rising Non-Significant Change 2010-2015
Medicaid Coverage of Tobacco Dependency Treatments Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2006-2010
Tobacco Company Marketing Expenditures
Cigarettes Falling Non-Significant Change 2012-2016
Smokeless tobacco Falling RisingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2012-2016
Arsenic Exposure Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2009-2014
Benzene Exposure Falling Stable 2009-2014
Cadmium Exposure Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2016
Nitrate Exposure Falling Non-Significant Change 2009-2014
Radon Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2009-2013
Early Detection
Breast Cancer Screening Rising Stable 2010-2015
Cervical Cancer Screening Rising FallingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2010-2015
Colorectal Cancer Screening
Guideline screening Rising Non-Significant Change 2010-2015
Home FOBT Indeterminate1 FallingTrend cannot be classified as heading in the right or wrong direction 2010-2015
Sigmoidoscopy/colonoscopy Rising Non-Significant Change 2010-2015
Lung Cancer Screening Rising Non-Significant Change 2010-2015
Prostate Cancer Screening Indeterminate1 FallingTrend cannot be classified as heading in the right or wrong direction 2010-2015
Diagnosis
Incidence
All cancer sites combined Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Colon and rectum Falling Non-Significant Change 2011-2015
Lung and bronchus Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Female breast Indeterminate1 RisingTrend cannot be classified as heading in the right or wrong direction 2011-2015
Prostate Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Cervix uteri Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Stage at Diagnosis
Late stage breast cancer Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Late stage lung cancer Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Distant stage colon cancer Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Distant stage rectum cancer Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Distant stage cervix cancer Falling RisingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2011-2015
Distant stage prostate cancer Falling RisingTrend is headed in the wrong direction 2011-2015
Treatment
Bladder Cancer Treatment
(Intravesical therapy for disease Ta G1-2)
Rising Non-Significant Change 2003-2009
Breast Cancer Treatment
(Breast conserving surgery with radiation)
Indeterminate1 Non-Significant Change 2011-2015
Colorectal Cancer Treatment
(Guideline therapy)
Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2010-2015
Kidney Cancer Treatment
(Partial nephrectomy)
Rising Non-Significant Change 2011-2015
Lung Cancer Treatment
(Chemotherapy)
Rising Stable 2010-2015
Ovarian Cancer Treatment
(Chemotherapy)
Stage I/II Diagnoses Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2002-2011
Stage III/IV Diagnoses Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2002-2011
Prostate Cancer Treatment
(Hormonal therapy)
Indeterminate1 FallingTrend cannot be classified as heading in the right or wrong direction 2002-2008
Life After Cancer
Survival
All cancer sites combined Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2006-2010
Colon and rectum Rising Stable 2006-2010
Lung and bronchus Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2006-2010
Female breast Rising RisingTrend is headed in the right direction 2006-2010
Prostate Rising Stable 2006-2010
Cancer Survivors and Smoking Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Cancer Survivors and Physical Activity Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
Cancer Survivors and Weight Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2013-2017
End of Life
Mortality
All cancer sites combined Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Colon and rectum Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Lung and bronchus Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Female breast Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Prostate Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Cervix uteri Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Oral cavity and pharynx Falling FallingTrend is headed in the right direction 2011-2015
Melanoma of the skin Falling Non-Significant Change 2011-2015