Years of Life Lost

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In 2015, the average years of life lost due to cancer was 15.6.

Summary graph for Years of Life Lost, Click to see detailed view of graph

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Introduction

Death rates alone do not provide a complete picture of the burden that deaths impose on the population. Another useful measure that may add a different dimension is years of life lost (YLL)—the years of life lost because of early death from a particular cause or disease. YLL caused by cancer helps to describe the extent to which the lives of people with cancer are cut short.

Measure

Years of Life Lost is measured as the difference between the actual age stemming from the disease/cause and the expected age of death due to a particular disease or cause. Specifically, this measure is estimated by linking life table data to each death of a person of a given age and sex. The life table permits a determination of the number of additional years an average person of that age, race, and sex would have been expected to live.

Average Years of Life Lost represents Years of Life Lost divided by the number of people who lost their lives.

Healthy People 2020 Target

There is no Healthy People 2020 target for this measure.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 1975-2015.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

Average Years of Life Lost

By Sex
Average-years of life lost due to cancer by sex, 1975-2015
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2015)
Average-years of life lost 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Average-years of life lost due to cancer by sex, 1975-2015 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 15.6 Not available
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 14.7 Not available
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 16.6 Not available
Cancer, All Races, Both Sexes
Average-years of life lost in 2015 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost
Thumbnail of graph for Average-years of life lost in 2015 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Childhood Ages (0-14) 71.6
Testis 35.0
Cervix Uteri 26.4
Brain & ONS 21.5
Hodgkin Lymphoma 20.3
Breast (Female) 18.7
Ovary 17.6
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 17.4
Liver & IBD 17.0
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 17.0
Melanoma of the Skin 16.6
Stomach 16.3
Esophagus 16.0
Leukemia 15.6
All Sites Combined 15.6
Colon & Rectum 15.5
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 15.5
Lung & Bronchus 15.1
Pancreas 15.0
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 13.9
Myeloma 13.6
Urinary Bladder 11.2
Prostate 9.9

Person-years of Life Lost

All Causes of Death, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2015 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2015 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes Malignant Neoplasms 9,293
Heart Disease 7,550
Accidents 4,278
Chronic Lung Disease 1,865
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1,509
Cerebrovascular 1,509
Diabetes Mellitus 1,208
Cirrhosis 919
Homicide 802
Alzheimers Disease 712
Pneumonia & Influenza 621
Nephritis & Nephrosis 596
Septicemia 579
HIV 185
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 140
Atherosclerosis 52
All Other Causes 8,831
All Causes of Death, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2015 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2015 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, males Malignant Neoplasms 4,612
Heart Disease 4,375
Accidents 2,854
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1,128
Chronic Lung Disease 848
Cerebrovascular 682
Diabetes Mellitus 662
Homicide 643
Cirrhosis 570
Pneumonia & Influenza 304
Nephritis & Nephrosis 301
Septicemia 273
Alzheimers Disease 218
HIV 131
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 89
Atherosclerosis 24
All Other Causes 4,419
All Causes of Death, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2015 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2015 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, females Malignant Neoplasms 4,680
Heart Disease 3,175
Accidents 1,424
Chronic Lung Disease 1,018
Cerebrovascular 826
Diabetes Mellitus 546
Alzheimers Disease 493
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 381
Cirrhosis 349
Pneumonia & Influenza 317
Septicemia 307
Nephritis & Nephrosis 296
Homicide 159
HIV 54
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 51
Atherosclerosis 28
All Other Causes 4,412
Cancer, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2015 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2015 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Lung & Bronchus 2,316
Colon & Rectum 814
Breast (Female) 778
Pancreas 626
Liver & IBD 438
Leukemia 357
Brain & ONS 349
Prostate 285
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 280
Ovary 246
Esophagus 244
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 224
Stomach 185
Urinary Bladder 183
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 176
Myeloma 166
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 165
Melanoma of the Skin 148
Cervix Uteri 110
Childhood Ages (0-14) 91
Hodgkin Lymphoma 23
Testis 13
Cancer, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2015 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2015 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males Lung & Bronchus 1,203
Colon & Rectum 427
Pancreas 322
Liver & IBD 299
Prostate 285
Leukemia 203
Esophagus 196
Brain & ONS 193
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 159
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 148
Urinary Bladder 127
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 118
Stomach 107
Melanoma of the Skin 92
Myeloma 88
Childhood Ages (0-14) 48
Hodgkin Lymphoma 13
Testis 13
Cancer, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2015 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2015 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females Lung & Bronchus 1,113
Breast (Female) 778
Colon & Rectum 386
Pancreas 304
Ovary 246
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 176
Brain & ONS 157
Leukemia 154
Liver & IBD 139
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 121
Cervix Uteri 110
Stomach 78
Myeloma 78
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 76
Urinary Bladder 56
Melanoma of the Skin 56
Esophagus 48
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 47
Childhood Ages (0-14) 43
Hodgkin Lymphoma 10

Additional Information on Years of Life Lost

For health professionals

Scientific reports

Statistics

  • SEER Cancer Statistics Review. National Cancer Institute.
  • Life Tables. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System.

Year Range

1975-2015

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2011-2015

Summary Tables

End of Life

Recent Summary Trend

Stable

Desired Direction

Falling