Years of Life Lost

Data Up to Date as of:

On This Page:

In 2019, the average years of life lost due to cancer was 15.2.

Summary graph for Years of Life Lost, Click to see detailed view of graph

See Graph Details

Background

Death rates alone do not provide a complete picture of the burden that deaths impose on the population. Another useful measure that may add a different dimension is years of life lost (YLL)—the years of life lost because of early death from a particular cause or disease. YLL caused by cancer helps to describe the extent to which the lives of people with cancer are cut short.

Measure

Years of Life Lost is measured as the difference between the actual age stemming from the disease/cause and the expected age of death due to a particular disease or cause. Specifically, this measure is estimated by linking life table data to each death of a person of a given age and sex. The life table permits a determination of the number of additional years an average person of that age, race, and sex would have been expected to live.

Average Years of Life Lost represents Years of Life Lost divided by the number of people who lost their lives.

Healthy People 2030 Target

There is no Healthy People 2030 target for this measure.

Healthy People 2030 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 1975-2019.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

Average Years of Life Lost

By Sex
Average-years of life lost due to cancer by sex, 1975-2019
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2019)
Average-years of life lost 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Average-years of life lost due to cancer by sex, 1975-2019 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 15.2 Not available
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 14.2 Not available
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 16.2 Not available
Cancer, All Races, Both Sexes
Average-years of life lost in 2019 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost
Thumbnail of graph for Average-years of life lost in 2019 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Childhood Ages (0-14) 71.1
Testis 34.6
Cervix Uteri 26.1
Brain & ONS 21.4
Hodgkin Lymphoma 19.1
Breast (Female) 18.7
Ovary 17.6
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 17.4
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 16.8
Liver & IBD 16.7
Melanoma of the Skin 16.5
Stomach 16.4
Esophagus 15.9
Colon & Rectum 15.6
Leukemia 15.5
All Sites Combined 15.5
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 15.4
Pancreas 14.9
Lung & Bronchus 14.9
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 13.6
Myeloma 13.4
Urinary Bladder 11.0
Prostate 9.9

Person-years of Life Lost

All Causes of Death, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2019 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2019 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, both sexes Malignant Cancers 9,263
Heart Disease 7,580
Accidents 4,795
Chronic Lung Disease 1,869
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1,535
Cerebrovascular 1,526
Diabetes Mellitus 1,216
Cirrhosis 917
Homicide 863
Alzheimers Disease 741
Pneumonia & Influenza 609
Nephritis & Nephrosis 601
Septicemia 586
HIV 173
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 139
Atherosclerosis 49
All Other Causes 8,968
All Causes of Death, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2019 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2019 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, males Malignant Cancers 4,581
Heart Disease 4,428
Accidents 3,232
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 1,154
Chronic Lung Disease 855
Cerebrovascular 700
Homicide 685
Diabetes Mellitus 671
Cirrhosis 568
Pneumonia & Influenza 303
Nephritis & Nephrosis 302
Septicemia 282
Alzheimers Disease 229
HIV 122
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 88
Atherosclerosis 24
All Other Causes 4,504
All Causes of Death, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2019 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2019 by cause of death, total U.S., all races, females Malignant Cancers 4,682
Heart Disease 3,152
Accidents 1,563
Chronic Lung Disease 1,014
Cerebrovascular 825
Diabetes Mellitus 545
Alzheimers Disease 512
Suicide & Self-Inflicted Injury 381
Cirrhosis 350
Pneumonia & Influenza 306
Septicemia 304
Nephritis & Nephrosis 300
Homicide 178
HIV 51
Aortic Aneurysm & Dissection 51
Atherosclerosis 25
All Other Causes 4,464
Cancer, All Races, Both Sexes
Person-years of life lost in 2019 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2019 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, both sexes Lung & Bronchus 2,216
Colon & Rectum 815
Breast (Female) 774
Pancreas 639
Liver & IBD 444
Leukemia 362
Brain & ONS 361
Prostate 299
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 276
Ovary 251
Esophagus 246
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 213
Stomach 188
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 187
Urinary Bladder 184
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 171
Myeloma 164
Melanoma of the Skin 135
Cervix Uteri 109
Childhood Ages (0-14) 94
Hodgkin Lymphoma 19
Testis 15
Cancer, All Races, Males
Person-years of life lost in 2019 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2019 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, males Lung & Bronchus 1,148
Colon & Rectum 430
Pancreas 325
Liver & IBD 301
Prostate 299
Leukemia 201
Brain & ONS 198
Esophagus 197
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 157
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 139
Urinary Bladder 129
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 121
Stomach 109
Myeloma 88
Melanoma of the Skin 85
Childhood Ages (0-14) 50
Testis 15
Hodgkin Lymphoma 11
Cancer, All Races, Females
Person-years of life lost in 2019 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females
Overview graph Cause of death Years of life lost (in thousands)
Thumbnail of graph for Person-years of life lost in 2019 due to cancer, total U.S., all races, females Lung & Bronchus 1,069
Breast (Female) 774
Colon & Rectum 385
Pancreas 314
Ovary 251
Corpus & Uterus, NOS 187
Brain & ONS 162
Leukemia 160
Liver & IBD 143
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 119
Cervix Uteri 109
Stomach 79
Myeloma 76
Kidney & Renal Pelvis 74
Urinary Bladder 55
Melanoma of the Skin 50
Oral Cavity & Pharynx 50
Esophagus 49
Childhood Ages (0-14) 44
Hodgkin Lymphoma 8

Additional Information on Years of Life Lost

  • SEER Cancer Statistics Review. National Cancer Institute.
  • Life Tables. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics National Vital Statistics System.

Year Range

1975-2019

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2015-2019

Summary Tables

End of Life

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Falling