Death rates alone do not provide a complete picture of the burden that deaths impose on the population. Another useful measure that may add a different dimension is years of life lost (YLL)—the years of life lost because of early death from a particular cause or disease. YLL caused by cancer helps to describe the extent to which the lives of people with cancer are cut short.
Years of Life Lost is measured as the difference between the actual age stemming from the disease/cause and the expected age of death due to a particular disease or cause. Specifically, this measure is estimated by linking life table data to each death of a person of a given age and sex. The life table permits a determination of the number of additional years an average person of that age, race, and sex would have been expected to live.
Average Years of Life Lost represents Years of Life Lost divided by the number of people who lost their lives.
Healthy People 2020 Target
There is no Healthy People 2020 target for this measure.
Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, 1975-2015.
Trends and Most Recent Estimates
Average Years of Life Lost
Average-years of life lost due to cancer by sex, 1975-2015