Incidence

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In 2016, the rate of new cases of all cancers combined was 443.8 per 100,000 people per year.

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Introduction

Cancer incidence is typically measured as the number of new cases each year for every 100,000 people (for sex-specific cancers, people of the same sex serve as the denominator) and age-adjusted to a standard population to allow comparisons over time.

In 2019, nearly half of all new cancer cases are expected to be cancers of the prostate, breast, lung, and colon and rectum. According to American Cancer Society projections, about 1,762,450 new cases of cancer are expected to be diagnosed in 2019, including 174,650 cases of prostate cancer, 271,270 cases of breast cancer, 228,150 cases of lung and bronchus cancer, and 145,600 cases of colorectal cancer.

Measure

Incidence rate: the observed number of new cancer cases per 100,000 people per year, adjusted for age and cancer case reporting delays and based on data from approximately 10 percent of the U.S. population.

Delay adjustment: a method of estimating delayed reporting of incident cases and then adjusting rates to account for this delay.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Reduce new cases of invasive colorectal cancer to 39.9 per 100,000 people.
  • Reduce new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer to 7.2 per 100,000 females.

Note: There is strong evidence that screening can prevent colorectal and uterine cervical cancers.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.
Note: Goals are indicated as blue line on Detailed Trend Graphs.

Data Source

SEER Program, National Cancer Institute, 1975–2016.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

All Cancer Sites Combined

By Sex
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2016 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 443.8 441.6 - 446.1
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 479.7 476.2 - 483.3
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 420.4 417.3 - 423.5
By Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of all cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 425.7 423.8 - 427.6
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 439.4 437.2 - 441.6
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 455.2 448.8 - 461.6
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 345.4 340.8 - 349.9
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 313.7 309.4 - 318.1
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 413.3 391.2 - 436.1

Top 4 Cancer Sites

Comparison of Top Cancer Sites
Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of the most common cancers, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2016 Colon and RectumClick to see the detailed trend graph for Colon and Rectum 38.0 37.4 - 38.7
Lung and BronchusClick to see the detailed trend graph for Lung and Bronchus 51.3 50.5 - 52.0
Female BreastClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female Breast 131.2 129.5 - 132.9
ProstateClick to see the detailed trend graph for Prostate 111.9 110.2 - 113.5
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2016 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 38.0 37.4 - 38.7
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 43.1 42.0 - 44.1
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 33.7 32.8 - 34.6
Colon and Rectum Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of colon and rectum cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 37.3 36.7 - 37.8
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 36.5 35.8 - 37.1
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 45.8 43.8 - 47.9
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 33.9 32.5 - 35.4
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 33.6 32.2 - 35.1
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 59.1 50.9 - 68.2
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Sex
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by sex, 1975-2016 Both SexesClick to see the detailed trend graph for Both Sexes 51.3 50.5 - 52.0
MaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Male 58.2 57.0 - 59.5
FemaleClick to see the detailed trend graph for Female 46.0 45.0 - 47.0
Lung and Bronchus Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of lung and bronchus cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 47.0 46.4 - 47.7
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 47.7 47.0 - 48.5
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 57.0 54.7 - 59.3
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 27.9 26.5 - 29.3
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 36.8 35.3 - 38.3
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 44.7 37.3 - 53.0
Female Breast Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of female breast cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of female breast cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 127.9 126.5 - 129.3
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 131.6 129.9 - 133.3
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 127.0 122.7 - 131.5
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 101.8 98.7 - 105.1
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 110.5 107.1 - 114.0
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 93.3 80.0 - 108.1
Prostate Cancer by Race/Ethnicity
Rates of new cases of prostate cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of prostate cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 105.6 104.2 - 107.0
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 102.3 100.7 - 103.8
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 173.1 167.1 - 179.3
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 80.3 76.9 - 83.9
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 60.3 57.4 - 63.2
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 83.6 67.0 - 102.5

Additional Cancer Site with a Healthy People 2020 Target

Rates of new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of new cases of invasive uterine cervical cancer, delay-adjusted cancer incidence by race/ethnicity, 1992-2016 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 6.8 6.5 - 7.2
WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for White 6.7 6.3 - 7.1
BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Black 7.8 6.8 - 9.0
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 9.7 8.7 - 10.7
Asian/Pacific IslanderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Asian/Pacific Islander 6.3 5.5 - 7.2
American Indian/Alaska NativeClick to see the detailed trend graph for American Indian/Alaska Native 9.2 5.4 - 14.6

Selected Cancer Sites with Increasing Trends

Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing annually^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are increasing annually^, delay-adjusted cancer incidence, 1975-2016 Oral Cavity and PharynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Oral Cavity and Pharynx 12.0 11.6 - 12.4
Melanoma of the SkinClick to see the detailed trend graph for Melanoma of the Skin 25.8 25.3 - 26.4
TestisClick to see the detailed trend graph for Testis 6.3 5.9 - 6.7
MyelomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Myeloma 7.6 7.3 - 7.9
LeukemiaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Leukemia 15.2 14.8 - 15.7
Esophageal adenocarcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal adenocarcinoma 2.8 2.6 - 3.0

Selected Cancer Sites with Decreasing Trends

Decreasing Greater than 2% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by 2% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by 2% or greater per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2016 LarynxClick to see the detailed trend graph for Larynx 2.7 2.5 - 2.8
OvaryClick to see the detailed trend graph for Ovary 10.4 9.9 - 10.9
Esophageal squamous cell carcinomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma 1.3 1.1 - 1.4
Decreasing Less than 2% Annually
Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by less than 2% per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2016
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2016)
Rate per 100,000 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Rates of selected cancer sites that are decreasing by less than 2% per year^, delay-adjusted incidence, 1975-2016 StomachClick to see the detailed trend graph for Stomach 6.7 6.4 - 6.9
Urinary BladderClick to see the detailed trend graph for Urinary Bladder 19.8 19.3 - 20.3
Brain and Other Nervous SystemClick to see the detailed trend graph for Brain and Other Nervous System 6.3 6.0 - 6.6
Hodgkin LymphomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hodgkin Lymphoma 2.6 2.4 - 2.8
Non-Hodgkin LymphomaClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma 19.8 19.4 - 20.3

Additional Information on Incidence

For the public

For health professionals

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

1975-2016

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2012-2016

Summary Tables

Diagnosis

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Falling