Cervical Cancer Screening

Data Up to Date as of:

On This Page:

In 2018, 81.1% of women aged 21-65 were up-to-date with cervical cancer screening.

Summary graph for Cervical Cancer Screening, Click to see detailed view of graph

See Graph Details

Introduction

Screening methods used to find cervical changes that may lead to cervical cancer include the Pap test and human papillomavirus (HPV) testing. Such screening tests may find cancers earlier, when they are more easily treated. Women who have never been screened face the greatest risk of developing invasive cervical cancer.

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends screening for cervical cancer with the Pap test alone every 3 years in women aged 21 to 29 years. In women aged 30 to 65 years, the USPSTF recommends the Pap test alone every 3 years or HPV testing, with or without Pap co-testing, every 5 years.

Screening can reduce deaths due to cervical cancer;, although the percentage of women aged 18 years and older who reported they had a screening test within the past 3 years is relatively high, certain groups of women in the United States are less likely than others to be screened. A number of factors have been associated with lower rates of cervical cancer screening, including low income, less education, and a lack of health insurance. Studies have also shown that women who have had a medical visit in the last year are more likely to have received cervical cancer screening.

Measure

The percentage of women aged 21 to 65 years who were up-to-date with cervical cancer screening. For 2013 and before, up-to-date was defined as having a Pap test within the past 3 years. For 2014-2018, up-to date is defined as having a Pap test within the past 3 years with or without an HPV test in the past 5 years (for women aged 30 to 65 years).
Note: Starting in 2018, up-to-date on cervical screening was additionally defined as having an HPV test alone in the past 5 years in women aged 30 to 65 years. The data source used for this measure only asks about HPV tests administered at the time of a Pap test; therefore, the HPV test alone criteria cannot be measured.

Healthy People 2020 Target

  • Increase to 93 percent the proportion of women aged 21 to 65 years who received cervical cancer screening based on the most recent guidelines.

Healthy People 2020 is a set of goals set forth by the Department of Health and Human Services.
Note: Goals are indicated as blue line on Detailed Trend Graphs.

Data Source

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, National Health Interview Survey, 1987–2018.

Trends and Most Recent EstimatesHelp with navigating the graphs and data tables

By Race/Ethnicity

Percentage of females aged 21-65 years who were up-to-date with cervical cancer screening by race/ethnicity, 1987-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Percent of women 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of females aged 21-65 years who were up-to-date with cervical cancer screening by race/ethnicity, 1987-2018 All RacesClick to see the detailed trend graph for All Races 81.1 80.0 - 82.2
Non-Hispanic WhiteClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic White 81.5 80.2 - 82.8
Non-Hispanic BlackClick to see the detailed trend graph for Non-Hispanic Black 85.3 82.6 - 87.7
HispanicClick to see the detailed trend graph for Hispanic 80.9 77.8 - 83.6

By Poverty Income Level

Percentage of females aged 21-65 years who were up-to-date with cervical cancer screening by poverty income level, 1998-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Percent of women 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of females aged 21-65 years who were up-to-date with cervical cancer screening by poverty income level, 1998-2018 <200% of federal poverty levelClick to see the detailed trend graph for <200% of federal poverty level 73.7 71.4 - 75.8
>=200% of federal poverty levelClick to see the detailed trend graph for >=200% of federal poverty level 84.0 82.8 - 85.2

By Education Level

Percentage of females aged 21-65 years who were up-to-date with cervical cancer screening by highest level of education obtained, 1987-2018
Overview Graph Detailed Trend Graphs Most Recent Estimates (2018)
Percent of women 95% Confidence Interval
Thumbnail of graph for Percentage of females aged 21-65 years who were up-to-date with cervical cancer screening by highest level of education obtained, 1987-2018 Less than High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for Less than High School 71.2 67.0 - 75.1
High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for High School 77.3 74.6 - 79.8
Greater than High SchoolClick to see the detailed trend graph for Greater than High School 83.6 82.5 - 84.7

Evidence-based Resources

Resources are available on cervical cancer screening to allow for the prioritization of cancer control efforts and the development, implementation and evaluation of cancer control plans.  State and local level cervical cancer data, research-tested interventions, state plans for comprehensive cancer control, discussions and more are available on Cancer Control P.L.A.N.E.T. – cervical cancer.

Additional Information on Cervical Cancer Screening

For the public

For health professionals

Scientific reports

Statistics

Year Range

1987-2018

Recent Summary Trend Year Range

2013-2018

Summary Tables

Breast and Cervical Cancers

Recent Summary Trend

Falling

Desired Direction

Rising